Does initial intention determine fate?

[Master Chen Says]

Does initial intention determine fate?

Is fate deterministic and does initial intention create deterministic fate, fortune and misfortune?

Devastating fate and severe misfortune seem to befall good, kind and loving people and spare those of evil personality and character to continually perpetrate their evil and bring devastating fate and misfortune to other innocent, good and loving people.  Why is this so?

Buddhism says it is good and bad karma, punishment by and through reincarnation, the repayment of debt accumulated by the evil deeds of one’s past lives.

Here is my proposed answer to the question of fate and misfortune.  It is an answer from the point of view of the “butterfly effect” and “parallel realities”.

In Buddhism, reincarnation is selective and intentionally chosen during the “in-between” period of 49 days after death when the soul seeks out a new birth to reincarnate.  When the soul encounters an appropriate potential, it reincarnates to live a better life than the previous life it had lived.  The soul’s intention to reincarnate is for betterment.

This initial intention may simply be to live a tranquil and peaceful life that is different from the life of persecution and the life of turmoil of one’s previous lives.  Circumstances of one’s reincarnated current life modulate one’s initial intention.  These circumstances include the physical environment, one’s family environment, and one’s spiritual environment.  Being born into an extremely poor family and being born into a middle class or wealthy family are environmental factors that modulate one’s initial intention.  In the 1920s to 1940s on the Chinese mainland, babies born into poor families were abandoned and left to die on the side of the streets.  The initial intention is thus cut short by circumstance and parental decision.

Some children grow up with a strong will, a drive to succeed, and a personal goal.  Others grow up without any strong will, without a drive to succeed, and without any personal goal.  Parents who treat their children severely and parents who treat their children lovingly greatly influence and determine their children’s future and how their children handle their lives.  Some children who have been abused by their parents become losers.  These “losers” and their lives are being ruined by their “loser mentality”.  But  little hot pepper Kuomintang chairwoman Hung Hsiu-chu said:  I am also a “loser” since “my bid for the presidency failed”.  Yet she did not despair and went on to win the Kuomintang chairmanship.

One’s personal intention beginning as merely an idea or a thought creates a butterfly effect that modulates one’s subsequent life either of good fortune or of misfortune.

Here is an illustration.  On September 24, 2016, female Kuomintang legislator Lin Li-tsan proposed to revise Taiwan’s “social assistance law”.   There are over 510,000 Chinese mainland and foreign brides on Taiwan, but only 210,000 of them have been able to acquire Taiwanese citizenship ID.  There are over 300,000 who do not qualify for low income assistance under the “social assistance law” because they do not have Taiwanese citizenship ID.  The monthly average income of the “new resident family” (a family consisting of a foreign mother, a Taiwanese father and their children) is NT$46,000 while the average monthly income of a Taiwanese family is NT$98,000.  A foreign bride who is not from the Chinese mainland can get her Taiwanese citizenship ID in four years but a bride from the Chinese mainland must wait 6 years to get her Taiwanese citizenship ID.  This wait is required by law based on political distrust of Chinese mainlanders by the Taiwanese authorities.  Other foreign brides have spent as long as 7 years to acquire Taiwanese citizenship ID because they had to spend a lot of time relinquishing their original nationality in order to acquire Taiwanese citizenship.

Many Chinese mainland and foreign brides sought out the services of “marriage agencies” and many have been “married to” Taiwanese men with mental and physical handicap, sick or old aged men, and their husbands have died before they were able to acquire Taiwanese citizenship ID.  They are thus left by themselves with small children without social aid.

Their fate, fortune and misfortune are determined by their initial idea of trying to improve their own life of poverty in their original country, mostly Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam,  by “getting married to whomever abroad”.  The initial intention and goal are towards improvement of one’s life, fate and fortune, and in most cases, an escape from one’s life of poverty and hopelessness, a life without any future in their home country.

Is fate deterministic?

Buddhism says one’s life is predestined, and predestination is the basis of the Buddhist concept of “yuan”, i.e., predestination.  According to Buddhism, two people meet because they are predestined to meet.  Their meeting is fated and their meeting cannot be avoided.

To me, one’s initial decision of intention sets off a butterfly effect that develops  deterministically and in a predestined manner.  Subsequent procrastination, reversal of one’s initial decision and a change of strategy because of other people’s interference will all modify and modulate the initial butterfly effect and the course of development.  The original course of development defined initially by predestination and determinism from the origin of the initial decision and intention made in the mind thus takes a circuitous route without violating the initial framework of predestination and determinism.  The route is always a multipath.  Many routes lead to a predestined and predetermined destination.  Each mental decision switches one’s deterministic pathway onto a different but likewise deterministic pathway towards the predestination.

Birth, old age, illness, and death are the four stages of life that bring about lifelong suffering, according to  Buddhism.  By believing in Buddhism, one seeks to escape from the cycles of such suffering.  Babies may be born dead or alive.  Those born alive may grow up healthy until old age.  Yet, illness affects all.  It affects adolescents, young adults, middle aged, seniors, and even cause their death.

Are fatal diseases and chronic illnesses predetermined and fated?

A pregnant woman decides to take a vacation.  She goes to Singapore and contracts zika.  She returns to find that her fetus is affected.  Her decision to take a vacation was the initial decision that started the chain of events, the butterfly effect of her initial decision that ruins the life of her unborn baby.

Predestination, predetermination, determinism, whatever one calls it, is initiated by the thought and decision that reflected the woman’s desire to take a vacation.  Her decision and her choice, also a decision, defined and thus determined the fate of her unborn.  The woman’s initial desire initiated the butterfly effect and the unforeseen consequence that affected the unborn fetus.

Desire as the initial cause of deterministic fate and predestination is well illustrated by stories of predestined love in reincarnation stories where lovers in a previous life seek out each other in a subsequent reincarnated life and become lovers or loving brothers and sisters.  Desire in one life transcends reincarnation and manifests in a subsequent life.

Predestination and determinism is initiated by one’s initial desire and thought, and the decision made according to a particular desire and a particular thought establishes and locks in determinism and predestination.  Life becomes a predestined course via multiple routes and pathways.  Any decision along the way shifts the routes and pathways but not the predestined course unless the decision triggers another butterfly effect that results in death, cutting short the victim’s life and thus preventing him or her from completing the initial desire or goal.

Is a shift in one’s pathway of life fated and predestined?

A shift in one’s pathway of life is not fated nor predestined.  The shift in one’s pathway of life is initiated by one’s shift in thought and a shift in decision that trigger the butterfly effect leading to a shift in one’s pathway of life.  Better personal fortune or misfortune is the direct result of one’s decision making.  Each decision is deterministic and has a predestination.  Only another decision can change the predestination and deterministic course of the previous decision.

A decision to walk out leads to a wandering life on the streets for three weeks.  The  vagabond life resulted in a stroke and hospitalization.  Obviously without making and carrying out such a decision to walk out, that person’s life would have been dramatically different, and a near fatal and physically devastating stroke would not have been deterministic nor predestined before the decision to walk out was made.  The decision to walk out is made out of anger.  Thus, anger initiates a butterfly effect that is deterministic.

The upsurge of anger and the lack of mental discipline to suppress one’s anger determine the fate of misfortune.  Impulsive emotional decision made out of anger is only one of many decisions one can make, and before any one decision is made, life is not predestined.















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First EV 71 death in Taiwan

First EV 71 death in Taiwan

Taiwan’s health authority reported on September 20,, 2016, the death of a two-year-old girl in Taipei from an enterovirus 71 infection six days after first symptoms occurred.

On September 6, 2016, the girl had high fever, on September 9 she had an epileptic seizure, and on September 12, 2016, she died.

Since the beginning of 2016 up to September 20, 2016, there have been 21 cases of enterovirus infection cases, 20 of them involve EV 71 and one case involves the Coxsackie A5.


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Go to Taiwan to learn Chinese

Go to Taiwan to learn Chinese

As of 2016, 46 Taiwanese colleges and universities have subsidiary Chinese language teaching centers, and over the past ten years, an accumulative 132,189 foreign students have come to Taiwan to learn Chinese.

Taiwan teaches classical Chinese characters and Mandarin Chinese.

On September 20, 2016, the ministry of education opened its “global Chinese language education office” at the National Taiwan Normal University to challenge the Chinese Communist regime’s “Confucius Institutes” around the world at various foreign universities.  These so-called institutes teach simplified Chinese writing and serve as propaganda centers and mouthpieces of the Chinese Communist regime.  The have been accused of being political institutions and their courses have to be approved by their central office in Beijing.

Taiwan’s Chinese language teaching programs are provided by individual universities and the ministry of education serves only to provide scholarships and promotional activities in cooperation with these universities.  Many of Taiwan’s foreign Chinese language teaching classes are offered by Taiwan’s many private universities with innovative teaching methods, and the teachers themselves teach with a lively flair.  Taiwan’s Chinese language teaching programs are very refined with ample opportunities for student participation rather than the despotic and authoritarian teaching method practiced by the Chinese Communist run “Confucius institutes”.



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Mid life crisis is getting younger

Mid life crisis is getting younger

The director of psychiatry at Tai An Hospital Hsu Cheng-tien, the director of psychiatry at Taipei Municipal United Hospital Liu Chung-hsien, and psychiatrist Chiu Yong-lin say that on Taiwan, the mid life crisis is getting younger.

Since 2008, the number of clinical cases due to mid life crises has increased by 20%.  On Taiwan, the mid life crisis is also referred to as the “crisis of the sandwiched generation” because in most cases, the middle aged bread earner has living parents and children.  They suffer from a sense of job insecurity and uncertainty, and more and more younger people are feeling the same.

The psychiatrists suggest defining or redefining one’s goals and seek the help of psychiatrists.

The classical symptoms of the mid life crisis are also being experienced by younger people:  insomnia, physical discomfort, complaining more, mental fatigue, anxiety about one’s job, apprehension about up start colleagues, thinking of quitting one’s job, a growing desire for luxury, making random stock buys, extramarital affairs, and alcohol abuse.


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Taiwan launches synchronous radiation center’s photon source

Taiwan launched its synchronous radiation center’s photon source on the morning of September 19, 2016.  The center, located inside the Hsinchu Science Park, is starting with seven light beam generators in its initial phase. During the second and third phases, it will acquire 18 light beam generators and it hopes to have 25 light beam generators by 2023.

Applications will be in biomedicine, and R&D of new drugs, and environmental sciences and technologies.


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Taiwan’s education exhibit in Ulaanbaatar

Taiwan’s education exhibit in Ulaanbaatar

In August and September each year, Taiwan holds a Taiwan Education Exhibit in Ulaanbaatar.  In 2016, nine Taiwanese universities are in Ulaanbaatar to recruit 300 Mongolian students by providing scholarships for them to pursue undergraduate, Master’s and doctoral degrees in Taiwan.  This year, president Otgonbat Barkhuu of Global Leadership University plans to cooperate with Taiwanese universities to set up a Chinese language teaching center at GLU, and plans to seek investment from and cooperation with Taiwanese concerns to participate in GLU’s newly established department of medicine and department of nursing.   GLU and Taiwan’s Ming Chuan University established a Mongolian-Taiwan Education Center in 2008.  The center selects 300 Mongolian students each year to pursue undergraduate and graduate degree studies in Taiwan.



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Passive butterfly effect

Passive butterfly effect

[Master Chen Says]

This is a discussion about the passive butterfly effect of  nonlinear psychosocial and  sociopolitical dynamic systems.

An active butterfly effect is the standard definition of the “butterfly effect”, that small or minute activities can cause large effects.  A small change in the state of a deterministic nonlinear system can result in large differences in a later state.  A small change in initial condition can create a significantly different outcome in nonlinear dynamics.  The deterministic nature of a system does not make the outcome predictable.  The present determines the future, but the approximate present does not approximately determine the future.

Let us begin with a revision of the last statement.  We generally assume and presuppose that the present determines the future, but the approximate present does not approximately determine the future, and that maintaining the approximate present can cause major chaotic future events.

This revised statement comes from observation of two sets of events.  (1)  One set of events is sociopolitical and (2)  the other set of events is psychosocial.

Both sets of events illustrate a passive butterfly effect.

A passive butterfly effect is defined as a butterfly effect resulting from inactivity, procrastination, inaction in a nonlinear dynamic system.

In other words, inactivity, procrastination and inaction directly cause chaotic results which shatter our presumptions and presupposition that the present determines a predictable future.  “Maintaining the approximate present” means maintaining a state of inactivity, procrastination and inaction.

(1)  The set of sociopolitical events involve Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen and the consequences of her refusal to accept the “1992 consensus” and her claim of “maintaining the status quo”.   As a result, Taiwan’s tourism has fallen into chaotic decline because of the massive reduction of Chinese mainland tourists to Taiwan since May 20, 2016, inauguration day, and the China Airlines stewardess union’s decision to oust the 20 stewardesses who served on board the June 24, 2016, flight of President Tsai Ing-wen’s trip to visit Panama and Paraguay.  The new government’s insistent proposal to revise the weekly work schedule of the majority of workers to a five-day work week and the proposal to revise and cut pensions have caused the massive protest marches by 250,000 veterans, retired teachers and retired government workers on September 3, 2016, and the passive protest march by 150,000 tourism industry workers on September 12, 2016.  These reactions were surprisingly unexpected.

Slow response by the new government and the cold shoulder response by President Tsai Ing-wen herself to public demands and public emergencies on the part of the new government of chief cabinet minister Lin Chuan, and the arrogantly dismissive response by President Tsai Ing-wen herself have caused their popularity and their trustworthiness to drop rapidly only after 100 days in office.  The incompetence, the ineptness, the bungling and the bumbling of the new cabinet ministers have been surprising.  Public trust in her and in her new government has been shattered.

These passive responses of inaction in dealing with emergency situations are the direct causes of the negative social reaction manifested by these massive protests, a negative social reaction to the inactivity, procrastination and ineptitude of the government and the president.  I describe this as the butterfly effect of inactivity, procrastination and government passiveness.

(2)  The set of psychosocial events involves a nonlinear dynamic situation of interpersonal relationship in which one partner insisted on maintaining the status quo while the other partner felt that maintaining the status quo has no future.  As a result of this growing sense of hopelessness, the relationship was abruptly broken.

Here, passivity, maintaining the status quo and unwillingness to change it, as well as a complete breakdown in interpersonal communication have resulted in a catastrophic change in the relationship.  I also describe this as the butterfly effect of passiveness and inaction.

Thus, minute activity as well as inactivity can both result in unexpected and unpredictable butterfly effect.  And maintaining an approximate present does not approximately determine the future.

Attempts to maintain a status quo of an approximate present can result in a chaotic future both psychosocially and sociopolitically.















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