China’s second child program fails miserably
In Shanghai, 90% of all child bearing aged women are eligible to have a second child according to the new rules on allowing a second child implemented in 2014. However, less than 5% of them have applied for permission to have a second child. Shanghai women generally have their first child at age 28. If they wanted a second child now, they would already be 32 years old.
A survey of 2000 people conducted in 2011 showed that half of them do not want a second child. Another survey of 20,000 people showed that 33.2% of them do not want a second child, 35% believe that raising a child is too costly. A family raising a baby between age 0 and age 3 would have to spend 32,719.5 yuan, a family raising a kid between 4 and 6 years old would have to spend 31,943 yuan, and a family raising a child between 7 and 12 years old would have to spend 31,226 yuan.