Each year, Taiwan has 700 to 800 new cases of Kawasaki disease in children younger than 5 years old. Kawasaki disease occurs mostly in infants and babies between one and two years old. Taiwan saw its first case of Kawasaki disease in 1976. There is an estimated 20,000 Kawasaki patients on Taiwan, 1% to 2% of them would develop aneurysm of coronary arteries and bulging of the arterial wall, and the bulge or aneurysm may burst causing internal bleeding or oxygen starvation of the heart muscles.
Babies who have a fever for five days, with swollen lymph nodes, red feet, red hands and red eyes should be immediately checked for possible Kawasaki disease. Of those who have had Kawasaki disease early in infancy, 1/4 may develop cardiovascular thrombosis in 10 years and 1/2 may suffer from anemia of the heart muscles in 20 years.
Kawasaki disease can be cured within seven days after diagnosis by immunoglobulin injections without leaving any lasting damage or subsequent complications. Aneurysm is one of the sequelae of Kawasaki disease. Other treatments include anticoagulant and antiplatelet medications.