Smoking and cadmium double death rate of dialysis patients
A clinical toxicology research team at the Linkuo Chang Geng Hospital studied 937 dialysis patients for three years, and during that time, 164 of them died. The team found that high concentration of cadmium in the blood increased their death rate by 172%, and cardiovascular disease increased their death rate by 185%. Smoking increased the death rate of dialysis patients by 167% compared to dialysis patients who do not smoke.
Smoking and having cardiovascular disease increased the death rate of dialysis patients by 200%.
The study was entitled “the effect of the concentration of cadmium in blood on the death rate of dialysis patients”.
Cadmium can be absorbed through smoking, second hand smoke, using plastic straws, playing with brightly painted toys, and eating deep sea fish.