Taiwan braces for EV 71
From January to March 15, 2016, 4 cases of EV 71 or enterovirus 71 were found in Taiwan. There have been 25 cases of EV 71 between the second half of 2015 and March, 2016. EV 71 strikes every 3 years. There were EV 71 epidemics in 2008, 2011-2012, and a possible epidemic outbreak may likely occur in 2016. Currently, most children under 3 years old have not had any contact with EV 71. In 2015, there were 6 cases of EV 71, 3 were the Coxsackie virus CV-B5, two cases of Coxsackie virus CV-A16, and 1 case of the Escherichia Coli Type III (E Coli III).
In order to stem the spread of EV 71, many counties and cities in Taiwan have adopted a “727” system. If two cases of enterovirus infections among students occur within seven days, the school will be closed for seven days to prevent the outbreak from spreading.
Between 2013 and 2015, enterovirus infections was the major illness among kindergarten and elementary school children. Enterovirus infections of kindergarteners constituted 95% of all cases and enterovirus infections of elementary school children constituted 74% of all cases.
The flu was the major illness among junior and senior high schools. Flu among junior middle school students constituted 68% of all cases and flu among senior high school students constituted 52% of all cases.
Between 2011 and 2015, 90% of students with AIDS had college or university level education or above.