The ministry of the interior made public on September 29, 2016, aging data of Taiwanese in 2015, showing that Taiwan’s average lifespan is 80.2 years old. Men live to be 77.1 years old and women live to be 83.62 years old on average. In 2014, the average lifespan of a Taiwanese was 79.84 years old.
Of the male babies at birth, 81% are expected to live past 65 years old, and of the female babies at birth, 92% are expected to live past 65 years old. One half of men can live to be 80 years old and one half of women can live to be 85 years old.
The 2015 data also showed that a man 65 years old can still live an average of 18.15 years and a woman 65 years old can still live another 21.70 years. An 80-year old man can still live another 8.85 years and an 80-year-old woman can still live another 10.52 years.
Taiwan’s infirm seniors are being taken care of by 200,000 foreign homecare workers from South East Asian countries. There are a total of 600,000 Southeast Asian immigrant workers in Taiwan. And the population of seniors over 65 years old is now at 3,000,000, and it is estimated that by 2025, Taiwan’s senior population will surpass 20% of the total population.
Foreign servants have already become an indispensable part of the Taiwanese family. Although they are the “familiar strangers” of the family, their role as a close family member and their intimate relationship with the senior members of the family have become vital to the Taiwanese family.
Taiwan will launch its “long term care 2.0” plan in November, 2016, on a trial basis for one to two years. Senior care and long term care services will be provided to dementia patients 50 years old and older, flat land aboriginal residents from 55 to 64 years old who are dysfunctional, those with mental and physical handicaps who are younger than 49 years old, and seniors 65 years old and older who need IADL (instrumental activities of daily living) assistance. Senior care service expansion will increase the current 511,000 beneficiaries to 738,000 or more beneficiaries, a growth of 44%. The “long term care 2.0” program will set up community based comprehensive service centers, composite day care centers for seniors and the infirm, as well as long term care “stations” in neighborhood streets.
The average retirement age of Taiwan’s industrial and service industry workers is at 58.1 years old. In 2015, 94,000 industrial and service industry workers retired, constituting 45.8% of all the workers who retired in that year. Among the retired industrial and service industry workers in 2015, 56.2% were between 55-64 years old, 25.3% were between 45-54 years old, and 17.1% were 65 years old and older. In 2006, Taiwan’s average retirement age was at 55.2 years old. In 2015, Taiwan’s average retirement age was at 58.1 years old.
At the end of 2015, 60% of the workers in the industrial and service industry were between 25 and 44 years old with college or above education. Their average age was 39.6 years old and each worker’s years of service per job averaged 6 years.