A 20-year-old university student was in class when she felt a sudden pain in the chest. While being sent to the hospital, her breathing and her heart stopped. Emergency personnel performed CPR and the emergency room provided ECMO. It was found that she suffered pulmonary embolism. The combination of CPR+ECMO saved her life.
CPR is cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and ECMO is extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
According to emergency medical doctor Hou Shen-guang of the subsidiary hospital of he Taipei Medical University, patients suffering from pulmonary embolism and cardiac thrombosis with OHCA (out of hospital cardiac arrest) have a high risk of losing their heartbeat, and the death rate of pulmonary embolism is 40%. A 2014 study of OHCA sufferers in Taipei City whose heart beat stopped, the survival rate using only CPR resuscitation was only 5%. However, the subsidiary hospital of the Taiwan Medical University has so far received 49 such patients and the combination of CPR+ECMO has saved the lives of 19 of them with a survival rate of 38.8%.