Burden of raising children discourages couples from having more
In July and August, 2017, the Taiwan Child Welfare Alliance’s policy center conducted a survey of 1,740 couples with two or less children aged 1-5 years old. It showed that 49.5% spend over NT$15,000 a month for childcare, 62% spend over 1/5 of total family income for childcare, and in 2017, 77.8% feel that the burden of childcare expenses is “heavy”. In 2010, 61.7% felt that the burden of childcare expenses was “heavy”.
There are 37.4% of such families that spend over 30% of total household income for childcare, 24,6% that spend 20%-30% of total household income on childcare. In Taiwan, a total of 62% (24.6% + 37.4%) of such families spend more than 20% of household income on childcare. Therefore, they do not want to have more children, either a second or a third child.
In 2010, each family’s average childcare expenses was NT$14,390. In 2016, this increased by 11.2% to NT$16,007.
There are 72.8% of parents think that Taiwan’s public places are “unfriendly” to families with children, and 84.8% think that Taiwan’s work places are “unfriendly” to workers with children.
There are (1) 49.2% of parents who want more monetary subsidies from the government for childcare, (2) 44% who want more channels for childcare services, (3) 33.4% want free education for toddler care by eliminating kindergarten fees, 29.9% want tax reductions for childcare, (5) 25.5% want to extend paid leave for childcare, (6) 20.2% want the government to increase public childcare services facilities, (7) 17.6% want businesses to increase subsidies for workers who take leave without pay for childcare, (8) 16.7% want businesses to provide childcare facilities and measures, (9) 15.2% want subsidies for rending or buying homes for families with children, (10) 13.3% want to lower the compulsory education age to 5 years old, (11) 12.2% want businesses to guarantee that parents who take leave for childcare will be able to return to their original jobs afterwards, (12) 10.2% want businesses to provide temporary childcare services, and (13) 2.5% have chosen to answer “Other”.