Half of Taiwan’s lung cancer patients are nonsmokers

Half of Taiwan’s lung cancer patients are nonsmokers

Half of Taiwan’s lung cancer patients are nonsmokers and 90% of Taiwan’s female lung cancer patients are nonsmokers.

Taiwanese doctors blame second hand smoke and PM 2.5 air pollution.

An LDCT or low dose computed tomography screening of 9,000 Taiwanese nonsmokers showed that among those diagnosed as having lung cancer, 90% are at the first stage.  The screening program expects to screen 12,000 nonsmokers in the next 3 years to detect early stage cancer sufferers.

Of those with lung cancer symptoms, 75% already have metastasis.

 

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Long term sleep deprivation may increase infertility risk

Long term sleep deprivation may increase infertility risk

According to studies conducted by Taiwan’s Tri-Service General Hospital from 2000 to 2010, of 16,000 women suffering from sleep deprivation for 6 years, show that their infertility risk is 3.718 times greater than those who do not suffer from sleep deprivation.  Among women 26-30 years old who suffer from sleep deprivation, their infertility risk is 5.146 times greater, and among women 31-35 years old suffering from sleep deprivation, the risk is 3.356 times higher than the same age group who do not suffer from sleep deprivation.

Among Taiwanese women 25-44 years old, 20% suffer from sleep deprivation, and 11.3% suffer from chronic sleep deprivation.

Among women 20-25 years old who suffer from sleep deprivation, their infertility risk is 15.349 times higher than women 41-45 years old who suffer from sleep deprivation.  The reason may because among Taiwanese women 20-25 years old, 20% suffer from anxiety due to work pressure while among those women 41-45 years old, only 8% suffer from anxiety.

In Taiwan, there is one infertile couple among every 6 couples.  The reasons may be due to male infertility problems or female uterine and ovarian diseases.

Causes of higher infertility risk may be due to anxiety, stress and pollution.

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Taiwanese opinion opposes proposal to import Japanese food from Fukushima region

Taiwanese opinion opposes proposal to import Japanese food from Fukushima region

A survey of 1,93 responses conducted on November 14-15, 2017, by the Kuomintang think tank, the National Policy Foundation, about public opinion concerning the proposal by the Democratic Progressive Party government’s representative to Japan to allow imports of Japanese food from areas surrounding the Fukushima nuclear disaster region shows that 37.5%  “very much do not support it”, 32.7% “do not support it”, 17.7% “support it”.  In general 70.2% (32.7% + 37.5%) do not support it.

When asked if you are worried about the health impact, 2.1% are “very much not worried”, 11% are “not worried”, 34.6% are “somewhat worried”, 47.5% are “very worried”.  In general, 82.1% (34.6% + 47.5%) are worried.

The survey shows that 62.5% do not trust the current government’s management and ability to handle food safety in Taiwan.  There are only 13 government inspectors charged with inspection of radioactivity in imported foods.  According to the survey, 18.8% are “very much not confident” about the current government’s ability to safeguard food safety in Taiwan, 43.7% are “relatively not confident”, 28.3% are “somewhat confident” and 2.0% are “very confident”.  In general, 62.5% (18.8% + 43.7%) have no confidence in the government’s ability to safeguard food safety in Taiwan from contaminated imported foods.

 

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Taiwan’s manpower shortage puzzle

Taiwan’s manpower shortage puzzle

Taiwan’s 1111 Manpower Bank released its findings about Taiwan’s manpower shortage on November 22, 2017, showing that 66% of Taiwanese businesses say there is a manpower shortage in Taiwan.

According to the survey, 46.4% note that worker mobility in Taiwan is high, 29.4% note that there is a “disconnect” of talent, 23.4% say Taiwan’s wages are low, 21.3% say the caliber of Taiwanese workers is not high enough, and 16.2% note that Taiwan’s brain drain has impacted local businesses.

There are 50.6% of Taiwanese businesses that say the most difficult problem in personnel recruitment is to find the right talent, 30.8% say the most difficult problem is to keep good workers, and 18.5% say the most difficult problem is to nurture talent and good workers.

There are 49.6% of Taiwanese businesses that implement regular salary adjustments to keep good workers,  27.7% offer on the job training, and 23.3% give out cash rewards and bonuses.

Between 2004 and 2014, average annual wages in Taiwan grew 2.4%, behind the 8% in South Korea, 6.8% in Singapore, and 17.4% on the Chinese mainland.

In 2015, 724,000 Taiwanese worked overseas.  In 2005, 340,000 worked overseas, 70% of them have university and college degrees, and 58% of them work on the Chinese mainland.

A survey of 1,375 responses conducted by Taiwan’s yes123 online job recruitment website from October 19 to November 1, 2017, shows that 66.8% of Taiwanese businesses as of November 1, 2017, will give year-end bonuses equivalent to 1.1 months of salary in 2017, 4% say they will not offer any bonuses for 2017, and 29.2% have not decided.

In 2016, 64.7% of Taiwanese businesses gave year-end bonuses equivalent to 1.03 months of salary, 7.5% did not give any bonuses, and 27.8% were undecided as of November of 2016.

There were 67.8% of Taiwanese businesses that indicated the year-end bonuses would be the same as in 2016, 23% say they would increase the amount of the bonus, 9.2% say they would reduce the amount of the bonus, and among the businesses that say they will reduce the amount of the bonus, 83% say the Tsai Ing-wen government’s new work schedule law has caused an increase in personnel cost.  The same reason is also cited by Taiwanese businesses that have yet to decide whether to offer year-end bonuses as of November 1, 2017, and by those businesses that have decided not to give year-end bonuses in 2017.

Taiwan’s October 2017 unemployment rate was 3.75%, a drop of 0.02% from the 3.77% in September 2017.  There were 443,000 people out of work in October 2017 in Taiwan.

The manpower shortage puzzle in Taiwan is that while 66% of Taiwanese businesses say there is a manpower shortage problem and 50.6% of Taiwanese businesses say the most difficult problem in personnel recruitment is finding the right talent and worker, there is simultaneously a tremendous brain drain.

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From 23,558,367 (2016) to 18,000,000 (2061)

From 23,558,367 (2016) to 18,000,000 (2061)

Taiwan’s population will dwindle from 23,558,367 at the end of 2016 to 18,000,000 in 2061.

Taiwan’s population growth in 2024 will be 0.  Estimated population is 23,740,000.

In 2061, Taiwan’s estimated population is 18,370,000, a drop of -22.0% (23,558,367 – 18,370,000 % = 22.0%) from that at the end of 2016.

In the first 9 months of 2017, 143,000 babies were born and 130,000 people died.  In 2016, 208,000 babies were born.  It is estimated that in 2061, 98,592 babies will be born, a drop of -52.6% from the 208,000 babies born in 2016.

In 2016, there were 4,010,000 Taiwanese between the ages of 6 and 21.  In 2036, it is estimated that those between 6 and 21 years old will number 3,000,000.

In 2016, there were 15,830,000 working age people between 15 and 64 years old.  In 2061, it is estimated that the working age population will be 8,610,000, a reduction of 7,220,000 or 45.60%.

In 2016, the population between 45 and 64 years old constituted 40.5% of the total population.  By 2061, they will constitute 47.5%.

In 2016, 169,000 Taiwanese died.  In 2061, it is estimated that 337,000 will die.

In 2016, seniors over 65 years old constituted 13.2% of the total population.  By 2061, they will constitute 38.9% of the total population.

In 2016, 5.6 working age people supported one senior.  By 2061, 1.3 working age persons will support 1 senior.

Another important factor in Taiwan’s population reduction is that the number of women of child bearing age will drop.  There will be less women giving birth, and the number of mothers will drop.

An example is the number of students at Taiwan’s second oldest elementary school, the Lao Sung Elementary School, founded in May of 1896.  In 1966, it had 11,110 students and 158 classes with 70-80 students per class.  In 2011, the school had 1,000 students.  In 2017, there are 452 students attending school there.

 

 

 

 

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Menstrual bleeding by two-year-old

Menstrual bleeding by two-year-old

A two-year-old girl in Taiwan was found bleeding from her lower body.  She was taken to the hospital.  Doctors said it was the baby girl’s initial menstrual bleeding,  The doctors  found a high concentration of plasticizers in her.

In 2015, Taiwan’s National Cheng Kung University studied the effect of plasticizers on stimulating early puberty.  At that time, a six-year-old girl was found to have had initial menstrual bleeding.  But this case of a two-year-old having initial menstrual bleeding is a surprise.

Her mother had been feeding the little girl cold drinks from plastic cups, heating food wrapped in plastic sheets by microwaving, and letting the little girl play on baby puzzle play mats of PVC foam.

 

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Surprising increases of cancers in Taiwan

Surprising increases of cancers in Taiwan

Taiwan finds 2,400 new esophageal cancer sufferers each year

Over the past decade, Taiwan University Hospital’s cancer research team has been able to increase the five-year survival rate of undifferentiated stages of esophageal cancer from less than 20% to 40%, and the five-year survival rate of early Stage 0 to Stage I sufferers to 80% after treatment.

CCRT, computer controlled radiation therapy for non-small cell lung cancer has contributed to the success in the treatment of esophageal cancer.

The successful treatment includes a 43-year old male patient with T3N2MO 3B  squamous cell carcinoma diagnosed in 2012, and another 43-year old male patient who suffered from both T3N2MO 3B esophageal cancer and thyroid cancer.

Taiwan sees an increase of 1,400 cases of neuroendocrine tumor a year

Eighty percent of neuroendocrine tumors originate in the pancreas and the digestive system.  At risk are women between 40 and 60 years old.

Taiwan has developed progressive targeting of EGFR mutation or mutation of the epidermal growth factor receptors that regulate cellular growth and division in the first stage, targeting of the T790M point mutation in the EGFR gene associated with resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor kinase inhibitors in the second stage.  EGFR mutations are associated with non-small cell lung carcinomas.  They are treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors but resistance to them develops.

Cancer in young Taiwanese increased 18.4% over ten years

From 2007 to 2017, the number of cancer sufferers between the ages of 20 and 39 in Taiwan had increased 18.4%, reaching 6,000 new cases annually in 2014.  In that year, among those 20-39 years old, there were 1,069 new breast cancer patients,  814 new thyroid cancer sufferers, 557 sufferers of large intestinal cancer, 448 oral cavity cancer sufferers, and 314 nasal and throat cancer sufferers.

A tally of those cancer sufferers between 20 and 39 years old shows there were 5,130 patients in this age group in 2005, 5,262 in 2006, 5,208 in 2007, 5,401 in 2008, 5,686 in 2009, 5,628 in 2010, 5,652 in 2011, 5,832 in 2012, 5,856 in 2013, and 6,076 in 2014.

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